Blackjack Chart List

Blackjack Charts for Basic Strategy and Perfect Play

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Updated on: 5 Mar 2024
Dean McHugh

Blackjack Strategy Charts

If you're playing blackjack in online casinos or at brick-and-mortar ones, the casino has an 8% edge over you when you don't use a blackjack chart. That's a serious disadvantage. You can, however, reduce it to as little as 0.2% by following optimal play strategies.

To put optimal play into perspective: your expected loss is €800 if you wager €10,000 and don't apply it, versus as little as €20 if you do.

You'll find multiple blackjack charts for different games on this page:

  • 4 to 8 Decks: Dealer Stands on Soft 17
  • 4 to 8 Decks: Dealer Hits on Soft 17
  • Live Evolution Gaming Blackjack Chart
  • Evolution Gaming Free Bet Blackjack Charts

Blackjack Chart for When the Dealer Stands on Soft 17 (4 to 8 Decks)

What's the best mathematical approach to the game when your dealer stands on soft 17? Here's the perfect play to achieve it.

4 to 8 Decks: Dealer Stands on Soft 17

In order to best make use of our charts, you should learn the terminology and player options by heart.

When to Surrender:

  • Surrender hard 16 when the dealer shows a 9, 10, or an A.
  • Surrender hard 15 when the dealer shows a 10.
  • Do not surrender a pair of eights, regardless of what the dealer shows.

When to Split:

  • You should always split all pairs of A's & 8's.
  • Split 2's when the dealer shows a 4-7.
  • Split 3's when the dealer shows a 4-7.
  • Split 4's when the dealer shows a 5-6 (Only when doubling after splitting is allowed on the table).
  • Split 6's when the dealer shows a 3-6 (and 2's, Only when doubling after splitting is allowed on the table).
  • Split 7's when the dealer shows a 2-7.
  • Split 9's when the dealer shows a 2-6.
  • Split 9's also if the dealer shows an 8-9.
  • Never split a pair of 5's, or a pair of 10's, regardless of what the dealer shows.

When to Double:

  • Hard 9 when the dealer has 3-6.
  • Hard 10 (not when the dealer shows A or 10).
  • Hard 11 (not when the dealer shows A).
  • Soft 13-14 when the dealer has 5-6.
  • Soft 15-16 when the dealer has 4-6.
  • Soft 17-18 when the dealer has 3-6.

When to Hit:

  • Always hit when your hand is a hard 11 or less.
  • You should always hit when you have a soft 17 or less.
  • Hit on hard 12 if the dealer does not have 4-6.
  • Hit on hard 13 if the dealer does not have 2-6.
  • Hit on hard 14 if the dealer does not have 2-6.
  • Hit on hard 15 if the dealer does not have 2-6.
  • Hit on hard 16 if the dealer does not have 2-6.
  • Hit on soft 18 unless the dealer shows A, 9, or 10.

When to Stand:

  • Always stand on hard 12 when the dealer shows 4-6.
  • Always stand on hard 13 when the dealer shows 2-6.
  • Always stand on hard 14 when the dealer shows 2-6.
  • Always stand on hard 15 when the dealer shows 2-6.
  • Always stand on hard 17 and up.
  • Stand on soft 18 (hit when the dealer has 10, 9 or A).
  • Always stand on soft 19 and up.

Blackjack Chart for When the Dealer Hits on Soft 17 (4 to 8 Decks)

What's the best mathematical approach to the game when your dealer hits on soft 17? Here's another chart showing how to achieve perfect play.

4 to 8 Decks: Dealer Hits on Soft 17

Rules of thumb:

  • Do not use your insurance option.
  • Stay away from even-money choice.
  • Always view your hand as a hard 10 or 20 if there are no rows for splitting your 5's and 10's.

When in doubt, use the "dealer hits on soft 17" strategy instead of the "dealer stands on soft 17" strategy as this will mean fewer losses over time.

Live Evolution Gaming Blackjack Chart

Live Evolution Gaming Blackjack Chart

Players playing on the Evolution Gaming's Live Blackjack tables have requested a separate chart as the dealer will check for Blackjack if the face-up card is an ace.

This slightly changes how you approach optimal play on the Evolution Blackjack tables, so we've created a separate Evolution Blackjack chart adjusting to how you play your 10s. The game is still played with 4 to 8 decks, with the dealer standing on a soft 17.

Evolution Gaming Free Bet Blackjack Charts

Evolution Gaming was the first provider to introduce Free Bet Blackjack online, a variant that was originally invented by Geoff Hall, and introduced to Las Vegas at the Golden Nugget casino during summer 2012.

You can find dedicated charts for this game by clicking this link that will take you to our article on Optimal Free Bet Blackjack strategy charts.

FAQs

How to Read And Interpret Blackjack Strategy Charts

Blackjack strategy charts are often complex for beginners. You should begin with learning the terms and then the basic strategy for hard hands, soft hands, and pairs. Blackjack strategy charts are divided into four sections based on the ace and hands. These are hard hands, soft hands, pairs, and surrender.

The hard hands section is for hands that do not have an ace and is the most important section of the blackjack strategy. This section shows you when it’s okay to hit (take another card from the dealer), stand (don’t take another card from the dealer), split (split a hand into two and play each independently), or double down (double the bet and add one more card).

The soft hands section is for hands that have an ace that is counted as 11, making it more valuable than soft hands. The section shows whether to hit, stand, split, or double down based on the total hands and the dealer’s upcard.

The pairs section shows whether or not to split a hand based on the pair the player has and the dealer’s upcard. The two decisions are yes (split hands and play each independently) or no (no split, play singly).

Finally, the surrender section shows whether or not to surrender your hand and forfeit half of your bet or go on playing based on the hand total and the dealer’s upcard. Again, there are two decisions: yes (surrender hands, forfeit half of the bet) and no (no surrender, keep playing). Remember that you must know each strategy and move by heart to stand any chance of winning. But you won’t become familiar with each term and move in one day. The key is to keep learning and practising to improve your knowledge.

How Blackjack Basic Strategy Works

The blackjack basic strategy is a set of guidelines derived from computer-analysed results of millions of blackjack games, which guide players toward picking the right move based on the dealer’s upcards and the player’s hand total. The goal is to beat the dealer by hitting 21 or getting as close to it as possible; the basic strategy guides players to get a better chance of doing that.

The basic strategy charts show possible combinations for the player’s hand total and the dealer’s upcard and the possible move for each intersection of a hand total and upcard. Remember that the goal is to find the best move to get the least loss and maximum win in the long run.

How to use a blackjack strategy?

The strategy has rows and columns; find the row that corresponds to your hand total and the column that corresponds to the dealer’s upcards. The first step is to understand the chart by learning the different sections and identifying your hand type and the dealer’s upcard. Next, you can locate your hand total on the chart and also locate the dealer’s upcard. Find the point where they intersect. Use the indicated best move: hit, stand, split, or double down. You’ll need to practise to improve your speed and accuracy.

What’s important when using strategy charts for multiple decks?

The number of decks is the first important thing when using strategy charts for multiple decks. This is because it impacts the effectiveness of basic strategy, which becomes less favourable as the number of decks increases and the accuracy of card counting decreases. Other things to consider include the surrender and dealer rules, penetration, resplitting, double-down rules (instructions), and specificity (multiple deck-specific strategy card).

How do strategy charts impact winning odds in online blackjack?

Playing blackjack online is significantly different from playing physically. Yes, there are slight impacts, such as reducing the house edge by as much as 1%. But it also improves winning odds by maximising the winning opportunities through double down or split pairs and minimises busting by guiding players to the right move most times.

How can strategy charts improve betting and money management?

Although betting is still a game of chance and numbers, strategy charts help players make informed bets, reduce the risk of getting a bust, and plan their bets to optimise splits and double downs for more returns. Strategy charts also help players reduce impulsive bets, plan long-term bets, and generally manage their playing funds effectively. Finally, strategy charts cover a wide variety of games, and this can help players adjust to different games as they come.

How often should I refer to a blackjack strategy chart during a game, and when is it most beneficial?

Beginners will need to check the blackjack basic strategy charts often, but as you become more competent and your skill increases, you might check the chart less. Never hesitate to check strategy charts when necessary. The important points to check are when your hand total is close to 21, when the dealer has a strong upcard, and when you are considering split pairs or double down moves.

What is the purpose of using a blackjack strategy chart in the game?

The ultimate purpose for using the blackjack strategy is to win. There are three simple reasons to use a blackjack strategy chart: to reduce the house edge, minimise busting, and maximise your winning potential. The goal is to learn more about the game, find your edge, and play for long-term winnings.

Can strategy charts be used in conjunction with card-counting techniques?

Players can and often do combine card counting techniques with strategy charts. This enables them to track and estimate the cards in the deck and make decisions based on such information. Learning to count cards and using strategy charts will significantly improve players’ performance.

What are some common mistakes to avoid when using strategy charts in blackjack?

The first mistake is assuming you’ll win all the time with strategy charts; this breeds too much dependence on the chart and can impact your progress. The charts are guides to help players succeed but are never the holy grail of blackjack gambling. Ignoring the dealer’s upcard, emotional betting, holding out no surrender option, and ignorance of casino rules are other mistakes you must avoid.

Can using a strategy chart affect the risk level associated with blackjack gambling?

Strategy charts do not, in the strict sense, reduce the risks associated with blackjack betting. What they do is help players make more informed decisions when playing, reduce the house edge, and generally improve their approach to the game. Using strategy or blackjack charts improves players’ understanding of blackjack at all levels.

Casinos typically allow players to check their charts when gambling on blackjack; you can download a PDF version of the charts to reference them when playing online casinos. With consistent practice and patience, you’ll learn how the game works and become familiar with most online blackjack and even slot machine games.